Labour is the Only Thing
There are a lot of inputs into the creation of a product, but they can be broken down into two categories:
- constant – the materials and tools of production; the value of these is the same at the beginning and end of the process.
- variable – or labour, which is the catalyst for creating value in the process and tied tightly to time.
The usual framework for capitalism is to throw these two together to give a profit ratio, but pulling them apart leads to some uncomfortable insights.
In its earliest form, exchange of goods does not produce an increase in value.
Both of the people in the exchange can come away with a benefit, because they have achieved an increase in use values, by exchanging, they have ended up with qualitatively different things.
But under capitalism, transactions start and end in money, and money is qualitatively the same, so needs to be differentiated by quantity.
But if standard exchange does not produce an increase in quantity, something must be added to a commodity in between purchase and sale, something that can create surplus value, something called labour.
Money is the Only Commodity
When you listen to an introduction that says nearly everyone who gave up Capital gave up in Chapter 3 and Chapter 3 is the current topic, it doesn’t bode well, but here goes.
In the last lesson, we ended with money as the matrix, the concealing form that disguised the underlying labour and moved us away from the reality of production.
In this chapter, things go even deeper, and money is not only something that moves us away from the producers, but, as it takes on new roles, money is no longer a helper in the exchange of commodities, it is the only commodity.
Entering the Matrix
The first lecture had about 830k views, this one has around 136k, so by getting this far, I guess I’m in the top 16% of the class.
The video goes over chapters 1 and 2 of Capital, which is hard and painful reading. From what I read today, this is a good thing as this will help me on the road to superaging, which means you need to do things that make you feel pretty bad — tired, stymied, frustrated.
Kind of sums up my Marx experience so far, like The Matrix, this session challenged me to try and see what underlies the “socially valid” experience of the world