Specialisation of labour

Reading Marx’s Capital – Volume 1 Class 7

Busy Bees Might Not be Happy Bees

With a limit to the hours of work and the works who can work them the only way to increase surplus value is to increase productivity.

Shrinking time and space by bringing all the functions together in a single factory allows the entire process to be seen as a whole, and reconfigured to be more efficient. Tasks that were the role of the skilled craftsmen are broken down into tasks capable of being performed by the unskilled labourer.

Tasks that were the role of the skilled craftsmen are broken down into tasks capable of being performed by the unskilled, but specialist labourer, with a corresponding loss of understanding and control.

The delights of honey-gathering in the fields is swapped for the the drone of the factory.

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